Asset Management

English

 

3 Components of Asset managements

What is Asset Management ?  Through systematic asset providing, caring and operating, optimise the life cycle of assets to assure the competitiveness of one enterprise.

OEE or TCU is often used as one index to measure or trigger asset provision and operation, PTU is the measurement of maintenance and operation level of equipments, and MME, MTBF, MTTR, TBM or CBM based maintenance method vs corrective maintenance method, spare parts consumption and  relevant service cost are the indicators of asset care or maintenance level . OEE or TEEP, Activity based operational cost, production time per unit product, waste per unit product or utilities per unit product and etc. are often the indicators of operational level of one enterprise or plant.

−Systematic and coordinated activities and practices through which an organization optimally manages its assets, and their associated  performance, risks and expenditures over their lifecycle for the purpose of achieving its organizational strategic plan. 
−The optimum way of managing assets to achieve a desired and sustainable outcome.
 
7 areas of ISO 55000 Requirement
1,Organizational context: The policy and strategy of one company. What are the pains or expectations of stakeholders or AM relevant people. Short term, medium term and long term vision or policy of AM, Gaps and priorities of AM, AM scorcard: KPIs and targets, AM master plan (1 year). The relevant supportive 1) strategical, 2) financial, 3) risk and 4) life cycle management should exist.
2,Leadership:To define the organizations, roles, responsibilities (related to asset management) and performance management. Assure 1) strategy, 2) organization and development, 3) contractor management and 4) operator asset care are properly executed in structure.
3,Planning:To develop a strategic plan for asset management in line with the policy and objectives. Establish systems and tools to facilitate organisational planning.Establish systems, tools and processes to ensure the longevity of the assets. The activities include: 1) Develop risk evaluation and identification methodology and reporting requirements. 2)  Walk down the asset base recording all applicable attributes. 3) Evaluate asset register for criticality based on enterprise developed criticality criteria. 4)  Apply asset care plan development process to applicable (high criticality assets). 5) Formulate the strategic activities (short, medium and longer term) required to meet the organisational strategic objectives through the asset management plan. There are three categories of key deliverables which include risk management, planning for asstes and asset management planning. Risk management includes Risk Evaluation Process, Risk matrix and Risk register complete for plant. Planning for asstes include Comprehensive Asset Register, Asset Criticality matrix, Asset Care Plan development guide and Asset Care plans for critical assets (top 10%). Asset management planning includes Asset Management Strategy, Asset Management Plan and Asset provision and life cycle management. So 1) strategy management, 2) information management such as supportive SAP system to support correct, quick and systematic data, 3) technical information, 4) Financial management, risk management, 5) asset care plan, 6) work planning and control, 7) material management and 8) life cycle management of asset are covered in this area.
4,Support:The asset management function should receive support from all other parts of the organization. Marshaling this such support and applying, verifying and improving it is an objective of the asset management system. The processes of the asset management system should determine and provide the information needed to fulfil the strategic plan through a formalised approach. Main activities include 1) Identify appropriate organisational competencies and the training requirements, 2) Establish maturity appropriate communication mechanisms through workshops and technology, 3) Build one information platform to collect relevant data, report and manage assets,  4) Workshop and develop a management of change business process. There are 5 categories of key deliverables including Competence, Awareness & Communication, Information System, Document Management and Governance of AM System (•Management of Change process). Competence includes Training Matrix & Plan, Development Plans and Capability Matrix. Awareness & Communication includes Asset Management  Induction program and Communication Strategy. It covers 1) information management, 2) technical information, 3) organization development, 4) contractor management, 5) Financial management, 6) risk management, 7) Enviroment, health and safety, 8) support facilities and tools and 9) project and shutdown management.
5,Operation:The asset management system should enable the organisation to direct, implement and control its asset management activities, including those that have been outsourced. Establish a mechanism to evaluate potential and actual changes with respect to the risk profile and to instigate mitigating actions. Main activities: 1) Review current work planning and scheduling processes and tools for maintenance activities and optimise them in line with developed asset management plans. 2) Establish processes to identify, review and manage changes. 3) Review current contractor management processes and procedures with a view to optimise them. 4) Develop a contracting matrix. and 5) Review and evaluate current stock management systems and processes and recommend improved management methods. It covers 1) contractor management, 2) work planning and control, 3) operator asset care and 4) support facilities and tools.
6,Performance Evaluation:To establish a balanced set of measures that can be applied to the entire organisation at all levels.To provide an accurate set of data against which informed asset management decisions can be taken. It covers 1) performance evaluation, 2) information management, 3) technical information, 4) life cycle management, 5) performance measurement and 6) focused improvement.
7,Improvement:Organization needs to consider nonconformities, and their associated consequences, in its assets, asset management and the its asset management system. The asset management system should promote continual improvement, to ensure the suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of the asset management system and asset management. Continual improvement is most effective when it is proactive and uses the results of performance evaluations. It covers 1) asset care plans, 2) work planning and control and 3) focused improvement.

 

In China, It seems that there is no formal agent being accredated to do the certification of asset management. One orgnization from England can do this certificate instead now.

Actually PASS recommended 127 best practices, 40 key behaviour index and 9 key performance index to guide the enterprise to pass the audit of ISO 55001. Generally, lowest score being 3 for every module is the lowest requiremenr of ISO 55001. 5S and DMS are still the foundation. In 5S, visualization is one very important component. DMS is the core to review the trends of KPIs and KBIs and make the relative measures. 5S is the route to assure the consistent improvement in which maintenance done by operator is the advanced phase. Maintenance based on WiFi or cloud is the by product of industry 4.0. PDCA is still the basic route in which Organizational context analyzes the policy and strategy of one enterprise. Leadership module explains how to use the relative resources effectively. Support module decides the combination of skills, tools and platforms etc. Plan(P) prioritises the asset provision, criticality and care analysis etc. Performance(C) evaluates how to appraise the asset management. Operation (D) is the implementation of plan(P). Improvement (A) makes relative measures to improve plan(P), operation (D) and performance (C)module. Kaizen but not innovation is the core.

Asset management is based on a set of fundamentals.

a) Value: Assets exist to provide value to the organization and its stakeholders.

Asset management does not focus on the asset itself, but on the value that the asset can provide to the organization. The value (which can be tangible or intangible, financial or non-financial) will be determined by the organization and its stakeholders, in accordance with the organizational objectives.

This includes:

1) a clear statement of how the asset management objectives align with the organizational objectives;

2) the use of a life cycle management approach to realize value from assets;

3) the establishment of decision-making processes that reflect stakeholder need and define value.

b) Alignment: Asset management translates the organizational objectives into technical and financial

decisions, plans and activities.

Asset management decisions (technical, financial and operational) collectively enable the achievement of the organizational objectives.

This includes:

1) the implementation of risk-based, information-driven, planning and decision-making processes and activities that transform organizational objectives into asset management plans ;

2) the integration of the asset management processes with the functional management processes of the organization, such as finance, human resources, information systems, logistics and operations;

3) the specification, design and implementation of a supporting asset management system.

c) Leadership: Leadership and workplace culture are determinants of realization of value.

Leadership and commitment from all managerial levels is essential for successfully establishing, operating and improving asset management within the organization.

This includes:

1) clearly defined roles, responsibilities and authorities;

2) ensuring that employees are aware, competent, and empowered;

3) consultation with employees and stakeholders regarding asset management.

d) Assurance: Asset management gives assurance that assets will fulfil their required purpose.

The need for assurance arises from the need to effectively govern an organization. Assurance applies to assets, asset management and the asset management system.

This includes:

1) developing and implementing processes that connect the required purposes and performance of the assets to the organizational objectives;

2) implementing processes for assurance of capability across all life cycle stages;

3) implementing processes for monitoring and continual improvement;

4) providing the necessary resources and competent personnel for demonstration of assurance,

by undertaking asset management activities and operating the asset management system.

 

Relevant asset management subject areas addressed by other published international, regional, or national standards include, but are not limited to, the following:

— data management;

— condition monitoring;

— risk management;

— quality management;

— environmental management;

— systems and software engineering;

— life cycle costing;

— dependability (availability, reliability, maintainability, maintenance support);

— configuration management;

— tero-technology;

— sustainable development;

— inspection;

— non-destructive testing;

— pressure equipment;

— financial management;

— value management;

— shock and vibration;

— acoustics;

— qualification and assessment of personnel;

— project management;

— property and property management;

— facilities management;

— equipment management;

— commissioning process;

— energy management.

Users of ISO 55001, ISO 55002 and this International Standard should also refer to such standards wherever possible, to ensure consistent delivery of asset management throughout their organization.

Relationship between key elements of an asset management system

The grey highlighted box designates the boundary of the asset management system.

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